Every Alkè electric vehicle is zero emission CO2, but what are CO2 emissions and how are they calculated?
All of the actions that we perform daily have an impact on the environment, which can be quantified in the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) dispersed into the atmosphere.
Carbon Dioxide is created from a reaction between an atom of carbon with two atoms of oxygen, creating the well-known molecular formula of CO2. This link gives life to a natural, inert, colourless and odourless gas which is present in the environment and constitutes an important element in natural cycles. Thanks to the absorption of CO2 plants and trees produce oxygen, eliminating that in excess. For this reason it is of vital importance to safeguard the forests, which from ancient times have been the lungs of our planet. For millions of years, this natural process has allowed for excellent conditions to be created for the life of plants and animals.
- What are CO2 and what do they involve?
Unfortunately, increasingly intense human activities have started to cause unbalance in natural dynamics, determining global warming. The excessive use of fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas and oil has grown exponentially over the years. The need for heating and to generate electricity with the combustion of these materials has increased the emission of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which has become the main cause of the greenhouse effect. The CO2 produced from the use of these fossil fuels in transportation and industrial and energy activities in general, are added to other gases. These conditions enormously magnify the values of atmospheric emissions and increase global warming.
- How are the emissions calculated?
Carbon Footprinting is used today to check the values that have been reached in the atmosphere, which represents the amount of greenhouse gases produced by human activities. According to the Kyoto Protocol, it is expressed by the totality of the gas emissions associated with the CO2 created in the stages of production of a product. The value obtained from all the greenhouse gases emitted in the production phase is expressed in terms of CO2 equivalent. For example a 500 gr box of beef has a carbon footprint equal to 165 kg of Co2 equivalent, one litre of milk equals 17 kg of Co2 equivalent, a 1 kg box of coffee 74 kg.
- Reduce emissions with sustainable mobility.
We can all contribute by modifying our behaviour or making some choices regarding the reduction of CO2 emissions.
Today the consciousness and awareness of the problems related to climate change is increasing because its effects are clearly visible to all. That's why Alkè, in addition to the implementation of zero-emission electric vehicles, is engaged in adopting an environmental policy that reduces the CO2 emitted for each electric vehicle produced.
The transport sector has already been working for several years to reduce fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. The environmental impacts due to main types of fuel such as petrol, diesel, LPG and Methane have sensitised the manufacturers of electric vehicles, projecting towards a future protecting the environment and saving energy. The Governments of the European Union have established a Council Regulation (EC No 443/2009), implemented by the European Parliament and the Council, regarding parameters to highlight the new limits and levels of performance of the new cars concerning emissions. Manufacturers must ensure the emission limit values for both light and heavy vehicles starting from 2015, as set out in the Regulations. Moreover, the drivers also will be involved in the process of reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions; in fact eco-driving is feasible, scheduling correct maintenance and following some Ecodriving rules. Green technologies including clean diesel, hybrid engines and zero emission electric vehicles, are no longer a case of the near future, but reality.
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